Thursday, April 14, 2011


HARI NI KIWI NAK (aneh plak jadi k**i) ni....hehe...
DI SLISS... kalo x cemerlang pon...ape salahnye nak perasan...
boleh la dibuat contoh pelajar2 spm akan datang plak yer...
ni lah front pages nyerr...dengan menggunakan kuasa alam tahap petala langit ke 8 infinitty punyerrr power!! akhirnyerr siap juga~

Method investigation
Historty of integration
History of quadratic equation and quadratic function
Application of quadratic function
The question and answer
Further exploration

        Grace be upon ALLAH,the almighty,with blessing,this Additional Mathematics project work finally have been done.
Firstly,I would like to express my appreciation to my Additional Mathematics teacher Miss Turasima bt. Marjuki for her contructive critism and helpful suggestion during the process to finish this Additional Mathematics project work.
  Not to forget,my parents that also give me a lot of help and supporting me to complete this project.Besides that,I also wish to thank to the member of my group for their support to make sure that this project work can be finished.
    Lastly,I also want to thank to whom that participate in the process to finish this project work wether indirect or not.
The aim of carrying this project work are :-
1.    To develop mathematical knowledge in a way which increase student’s interest and confidence.
2.   To apply mathematics to everyday situations and to begin to understand the part that mathematics plays in the world in which we live.
3.   To improve thinking skill and promote effective mathematical communication.
4.   To assist student to develop positive attitude and personalities,intrinsic mathematical values such as accurancy,confidence and system reasoning.
5.   To stimulate learning and enhance effective learning.

Method investigation
In solving and finishing this project work done,some method is used :-

1. Communication
·       Discussion with teacher and friend help in solving problem.The information from this discussion used as a reference materials to success this project.

2. Reference
·       Additional of information from various of reference material help me to find the method to solve the problem.For this Additional Mathematics project,I can get the reference from library,internet,my friends,my teacher and many more.

3. Lesson session
·       The lesson session in the class help me in solve problem by using heuristics what I learn in the class.


The Petronas Towers
of Kuala Lumpur

Often we know the relationship involving the rate of change of two variables, but we may need to know the direct relationship between the two variables. For example, we may know the velocity of an object at a particular time, but we may want to know the position of the object at that time.
To find this direct relationship, we need to use the process which is opposite to differentiation. This is called integration (or antidifferentiation).
The processes of integration are used in many applications.
The Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur experience high forces due to winds. Integration was used to design the building for strength.

Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera House is a very unusual design based on slices out of a ball. Many differential equations (one type of integration) were solved in the design of this building.

Wine cask
Historically, one of the first uses of integration was in finding the volumes of wine-casks (which have a curved surface).Here is a LiveMath illustration of a 3D shape. We learn to find the volume of these objects later (in volume of solid of revolution).
Other uses of integration include finding areas under curved surfaces, centres of mass, displacement and velocity, fluid flow, modelling the behaviour of objects under stress, etc. 

History of integration
A definite integral of a function can be represented as the signed area of the region bounded by its graph.
v Integration is an important concept in mathematics and, together with differentiation, is one of the two main operations in calculus. Given a functionƒ of a realvariablex and an interval [ab] of the real line, the definite integral
is defined informally to be the net signed area of the region in the xy-plane bounded by the graphof ƒ, the x-axis, and the vertical lines x = a and x = b.
The term integral may also refer to the notion ofantiderivative, a function F whose derivative is the given function ƒ. In this case it is called an indefinite integral, while the integrals discussed in this article are termed definite integrals. Some authors maintain a distinction between antiderivatives and indefinite integrals.
The principles of integration were formulated independently by Isaac Newton and GottfriedLeibniz in the late 17th century. Through the fundamental theorem of calculus, which they independently developed, integration is connected with differentiation: if ƒ is a continuous real-valued function defined on a closed interval [ab], then, once an antiderivative F of ƒ is known, the definite integral of ƒ over that interval is given by
Integrals and derivatives became the basic tools of calculus, with numerous applications in science and engineering. A rigorous mathematical definition of the integral was given by Bernhard Riemann. It is based on a limiting procedure which approximates the area of a curvilinear region by breaking the region into thin vertical slabs. Beginning in the nineteenth century, more sophisticated notions of integrals began to appear, where the type of the function as well as the domain over which the integration is performed has been generalised. A line integral is defined for functions of two or three variables, and the interval of integration [ab] is replaced by a certain curveconnecting two points on the plane or in the space. In asurface integral, the curve is replaced by a piece of a surfacein the three-dimensional space. Integrals of differential forms play a fundamental role in modern differential geometry. These generalizations of integral first arose from the needs ofphysics, and they play an important role in the formulation of many physical laws, notably those of electrodynamics. There are many modern concepts of integration, among these, the most common is based on the abstract mathematical theory known asLebesgue integration, developed by Henri Lebesgue.
History ofquadratic equation and Quadratic Function
On clay tablets dated between 1800 BC and 1600 BC, the ancient Babylonians left the earliest evidence of the discovery of quadratic equations, and also gave early methods for solving them.
Indian mathematician Baudhayana who wrote a Sulba Sutra in ancient India circa 8th century BC first used quadratic equations of the form
ax²=c  and  ax²+bx=c  and also gave methods for solving them.
Babylonian mathematicians from circa 400 BC and Chinese mathematicians from circa 200 BC used the method of completing the square to solve quadratic equations with positive roots, but did not have a general formula.
Euclid, a Greek mathematician, produced a more abstract geometrical method around 300 BC.
The first mathematician to have found negative solutions with the general algebraic formula was Brahmagupta (India, 7th century).
Muammad ibn Mūsā al-wārizmī (Persia, 9th century) developed a set of formulae that worked for positive solutions.
Bhaskara II (1114-1185), an Indian mathematician-astronomer, solved quadratic equations with more than one unknown and is considered the originator of the equation.
Shridhara (India, 9th century) was one of the first mathematicians to give general rule for solving a quadratic equation.

Applications of Quadratic Function

Example 4:
The sum of two integers is 30. What is a maximum product of these two numbers?
Using L and S as the larger and smaller numbers respectively, we get  and .
The maximum value of the product can be found after writing the product as either a function of L or of S. Writing P as a function of L we get . The graph of this function in an L, P coordinate system, where L stands for the larger number and P for the product is:
Using the vertex formula, with a = -1 and b = 30 we get the coordinates of the vertex as (15, 
225). So the maximum value of the product is 225 for L = 15, and this makes S = 15 as well.

ha...sampai sini je oren buat...nak keje2.... nanti siri ke 2 nanti oren sambung lagi..hmmm....mintak tolong cik nab buatkan innit laah...trimasss~~ 


sharing is caring :)


oren_bulat~ said...

worait kiwi!

kiwi_baEk...! said...


Anonymous said...

Believe that life is worth living, and your belief will help create the fact.

Anonymous said...

is this addmaths project work 2???it's not in the question paper??

Muizzah's Blog said...

is this 8maths project work 2??or maybe 1 and 3...??or it's not in the list?answer me as soon as possible..BTW,THIS IS helpful..shukran/thnx/kamsamida/terima kasih

Muizzah's Blog said...

answer me as soon as possible..which project work is this?project work 1,2 or 3???thanx 4 ur help..ur post was really helpful..may God bless u..BTW,i'm waiting 4 another post..

kiwi_baek! said...

muizzah blog : sori sgt2...admin2 blog ni sume busy dah masuk upu....hehe....btw ni addmath nye soalan tahun lepas....setakat nk bg intrduction n penutup n ayat2 rumusan dan sebagainye tu ley lah diubah2 kalo jalan kerja tu maybe lain kot... maaf yerr....nnt kitorang try carik masa untuk upload yg part 2 plak...~~ wallahualam~~

pengubat hati said...

Assalamualaikum saudari/saudara boleh ajar kan anna buat cover page yg cantik mcm ni tak ? ...=)

Anonymous said...

ade jawapan tuk soalan 3 tak...

kiwi_baek! said...

pengubat hati : waalaikumsalam..senang je..mula2 carik satu background yang mmg best then gnekan edit pictures dekat paint/power point/photoscape/adobe cs4/picasa or ape2 yg anti biasa gune...then tulis gune font yg cantik2..senang kan...~~

nisaa ^^ said...

this is perfectly just what i've been searching for! cool thanks :D

Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...

jasemu dkenang....
anda tlah mmudhkn tugs plajr2 d m'sia....

Anonymous said...

thanks kiwi ! love you :)

~free application..menarikkan? application~